The current deforestation challenges that Uganda faces is among the reasons Synergy Partners Uganda ventured into the tree growing business in Nakasongola.
At their Amaya tree estate that seats on 1,000 acres with 10,000 pine trees, James Otimong, the plantation supervisor takes us through the pine growing process from plantation to harvesting.
Why pine trees
Otimong explains that pine trees were chosen because Nakasongola is an arid area, yet pine survives better in such conditions because it is an adoptive species.
He also adds that for better establishment of the trees, it is always best to plant in the first season of the year – which normally runs from February – May. “This is favourable because trees utilise the rain in these months and the rains in the second season in the year from August-October because pine is water dependent,” said Otimong.
Tree management is a crucial aspect in tree growing as the plantation supervisor urges, in the three year period from planting. “After pruning – at three years, you are now waiting for harvesting – which is done after eight years, but even at six years, one can start harvesting, because there is also what we call thinning. Some trees are removed, so that the remaining ones grow bigger,” he says.
Risks, pests and diseases
Some of the risks of tree growing are wild fires especially during the dry season.
“These are normally caused by smokers or other people who make fires in plantations. To guard against that, we create fire lines on the forest – which are unoccupied spaces between the forest and our neighbour’s boundaries,” Otimong says.
Pine trees are also normally attacked by Ringdibark disease which attacks them right from the nursery.
The plant starts to dry from the tip to the bottom or colouring from green to yellow and eventually dies.
This however is controlled by spraying chemicals such as Nimrod.
“The pests include mole rats – which excavate the ground down the pine tree for housing. So they cut the roots making the tree wither and die,” he says.
Nakasongola is also disturbed by termites, but the advantage of pine is that it is not susceptible to termites as long as it is alive, save when it has been cut down.
“Growing pine is really profitable. It is an investment where you keep your money growing on trees, and after a period of at least six years, a single tree can fetch you about Shs200,000 – Shs250,000 since large timber of 6X2 or 12X1 inches can be got from the pole,” Otimong says. Jaffar Tonda, the team leader at the tree estate also hopes that they will eventually establish a factory on the plantation to process the trees to timber, and to add value to the product increasing profitability.
“Initially we do bush clearing followed by lining out. The lining out is done using a calibrated line. For pine, the planting is three meters by three, so the lining out is done to help show where you will dig the pits,” James Otimong says.
The pits are dug not too deep, and not too shallow, because when it is too shallow, the top soil gets dry and the seedling will die.
Deep holes help the trees to penetrate deeper.
The hole should be 30-40 inches down and then the seedlings are planted.
Care for the seedling is paramount - just like a baby who needs to be taken well care of, one ought to consider that they keep the seedlings free of weed because when the weeds grow nearer them, they compete for nutrients with the weeds.
•About 400 seedlings of pine are recommended on every acre of land.
•Each seedling costs about Shs500.
•Cost of clearing an acre of land is about Shs200,000.
•Cost of planting seedlings on an acre is about Shs80,000.