Former schoolteacher Jeff Horn stunned world champion Manny Pacquiao to win the World Boxing Organisation welterweight crown with a unanimous points decision in Brisbane on Sunday.
Given no chance by most observers, the 29-year-old Horn's ultra-aggressive style proved too much for Pacquiao, with the three judges scoring the fight 117-111, 115-113 and 115-113 to the Australian after 12 rounds.
Pacquiao, 38, is an eight-weight world champion considered one of the greatest fighters of his generation. His camp had predicted a "short and sweet" win over Horn, a 2012 Australian Olympian.
But Horn showed no signs of being overawed by the occasion, taking the fight to the Filipino great from the opening bell.
He moved forward relentlessly, not allowing Pacquiao time to find any rhythm.
"I feel like he couldn't get a hold of my gap. I was feinting a lot, trying to upset his rhythm and I think that was working throughout the majority of that fight," said Horn, who stands three-and-a-half inches (9cm) taller than Pacquiao.
Pacquiao did manage to land some left jabs in the opening rounds to take the early points, but Horn refused to back away and his brawling tactics paid dividends through the middle stages.
"He was quick when he put combinations together but I felt controlling the gap made it easier to see the punches coming," Horn said.
"The size difference helped too."
Pacquiao, bleeding profusely from cuts high above both eyes caused by accidental head clashes, launched a savage counterattack in the ninth round and appeared to have Horn in trouble with some massive blows that left the Australian staggering.
"The ref came over (at the end of the round) and said 'show me something or I'll stop the fight'," Horn said.
"I thought, 'hang on, hold your horses, I'm not that bad, I can keep going for sure'."
Horn recovered and came out strongly in the 10th. "That was just my heart that kept me going," he said.
"He got me with a couple of good shots and I did go backwards more in that round than in any other round in the fight, but I still felt good.
"But I came back in the 10th 11th and 12th."
Both fighters began to tire in the final stages of a contest fought at a relentless pace, but Horn's early lead proved too much to peg back as he claimed the biggest win of his career.
Pacquiao had been hoping to set up a second big-money showdown with Floyd Mayweather, but it was Horn who called for a fight with the unbeaten American immediately after his win.
Pacquiao did not talk to the media after the fight, claiming he needed treatment on his head wounds.