The International Criminal Court was established in 2002 as a permanent tribunal to prosecute individuals for genocide, crimes against humanity, war crimes, and the crime of aggression. As of 2010, it had indicted 13 individuals. Two have died, seven of them remain free while four are currently in custody of the court.
The four who are in custody are Thomas Lubanga former warlord from DR Congo; Germaine Katanga former warlord from DR Congo; Mathieu Ngudjolo Chui also from DR Congo and Jean-Pierre Bemba from Central Africa Republic.
Among the seven who remain free are Joseph Kony, Vincent Otti, Raska Lukwiya, Okot Odhiambo and Dominic Ongwen all from Uganda. The rest are Bosco Ntaganda from DRC, Ahmed Haroun from Darfur, Ali Kushayb also from Darfur, and Omar Al Bashir from Sudan. All 17 of the indicted individuals have been charged with war crimes, and eleven of them have also been charged with crimes against humanity.