This is why Kenya is shutting Somali border

Wednesday June 12 2019

Security teams inspect the security fencing of

Security teams inspect the security fencing of Kenya Somalia border on February 21, 2017. FILE PHOTO | NATION MEDIA GROUP  


Fears over a new secessionist outfit benefitting from contraband trade have fuelled Kenya’s swift move to shut down its border with Somalia.
Yesterday, the Kiunga border point in Lamu County became the latest to be closed as Kenyan authorities argued they were blocking routes for smuggling, terror merchants and human trafficking.
Local county police commander Muchangi Kioi told journalists police will now confiscate goods and prosecute those found to be flouting the ban, in an area that has already been red-penciled for al-Shabaab activity. Only security agents will be allowed across the border point.
“Apart from security concerns, we are also aware of human and narcotics trafficking. That must stop. It is now a crime and for those who do not know, the border remains closed until further notice,” said Mr Kioi.
“Those smuggling contraband items from Kenya into Somalia and vice versa will have themselves to blame. We will destroy those items and close your shop. We will also arrest and prosecute you,” said Mr Kioi.
While Mr Kio implemented government directive in Lamu, senior government officials were meeting in Nairobi to discuss the emerging outfit known as the Northern Frontier District Independence Party, a mysterious movement that calls itself “freedom fighters.”
The meeting that brought together security chiefs and diplomats analysed the participation of certain politicians from the north-eastern region in the group, and how smuggling is aiding the nascent secessionist claim.
Some local politicians, most of who lost in the 2017 elections have been fingered for holding meetings among the Somali community in Kenya, Somalia and Ethiopia; where the idea of secession has been re-introduced.
As part of the crackdown, the Nation learnt, the government will be vetting the politicians’ financial accounts, and their investments to check if they have laundered money.
The group whose actual membership is unknown has recently been active on social media, reviving the old claim for secession which was crushed at Kenya’s independence. Garissa, Wajir, Mandera and sometimes Marsabit and Isiolo are often collectively known as Northern Frontier District, borrowing from a colonial tag when the British administered the region from a distance because it had unwelcome weather for the settlers’ farming.
On Sunday, the group posted on Twitter, a message rallying members to support separation of the counties from Kenya into an independent country, this time stopping short of saying they will join Somalia (as the pre-independence demand was then).
“We are a social political party that is proposing an independent republic of NFD, free from Kenya and free from somalia,” the group said in a statement.
“This movement is a result of continuous oppression from Kenya and al-Shabaab. Al-Shabaab attacks KDF, KDF attacks innocent NFD, no more,” the group added without substantiating.
While self-determination is guaranteed in Kenyan law, officials feel the targeting of Kenyan security agencies; the police and the Kenya Defence Forces, warrants an urgent crackdown.
The move on Lamu means the entire Kenya-somalia border points from Mandera, Dhobley and down to Kiunga are officially shut. Last week, fishers were banned from seeking catch in Lamu waters, and security patrols increased.
In 2014, then Interior CS Joseph Nkaissery shut the Mandera crossing, due to increase in terror activities in Mandera and the entire North Eastern Region.
It had followed the killing of 60 people in cold blood in two different attacks by al-Shabaab militants. A bus was attacked while heading to Nairobi and 28 people were killed most being teachers and health workers. Ten days later, 36 quarry workers were ambushed and killed at night at their place of work.
The government declared the border closed to reduce free entry and exit of people into Mandera and also targeted transit of weaponry.

Reporting by Aggrey Mutambo, Kalume Kazungu and Manase Otsialo