Lira is a district in Lango sub-region in northern Uganda. Like other Ugandan districts, it is named after its ‘chief town’, Lira town. The majority ethnic group is the Lango. Long untouched by the Lord’s Resistance Army insurgency ravaging Kitgum and Pader district just north of the district border, the increased violence of 2002 resulted in massive population displacement within the district.
Until 2005, Lira district comprised six counties; Erute, Dokolo, Kyoga, Otuke, Moroto and Lira Municipality. These were further subdivided into 28 sub-counties. Of the 28 sub-counties, four are Municipal Divisions. There are a total of 192 parishes with 2,247 villages.
Today, with the creation of 2 new districts in 2005, Lira is made up of 5 separate counties; Erute North, Erute South, Otuke, Moroto, and Lira Municipality.
In 2006-07, Lira experienced a massive return of IDP’s (Internally Displaced Persons). Over 310,000 of the estimated 350,000 left camps to return to home villages in a period of 14 months. Currently the situation is relatively peaceful.