Why muslim clerics fear for their lives
Posted Thursday, January 21 2016 at 02:00
Several Muslim leaders have come out to speak about perceived and real threats to their lives. The threats said to be delivered via leaflets, fliers and anonymous phone calls have put the clerics on the edge, causing them to alter their lifestyles, as our reporter discovers.
At Makerere University where Sheikh Haruna Jjemba lectures, I find his office door under lock and key. When I knock on the door, he asks who is on the other side of the door. That is before he unlocks the door, revealing half his face. In a split second, he runs his eyes all over me and then ascertains from my Identity Card (ID) that I am the journalist that has recently called him up for an interview.
When I get in, he quickly reaches for the doors to close and locks it. He gestures for me to take a seat adjacent to his. His desk is cluttered with many books and files, half-covered in dusk.
There are two clicks, proof that he has completely locked it. He then goes behind his desk, pulls his off-white tunic a little upwards and fastens his largely coffee brown Muslim cap, before he pulls a chair to sit.
He does not lean back, and as the chat gets underway, he takes moments to adjust his glasses, sometimes taking them off and holding them in one hand and using the other to stress a point.
He is in a semi-pensive mood and at some point a woman calls him and he reprimands her for lack of respect for time. It is partly the subject of his imminent death that sets him into a pensive mood. He stammers, momentarily gets lost in thought and folds his hands around his chest and at times contradicts himself. Whereas he says he is not sure who is behind the threats, he later on accuses a Sheikh of propagating the hate messages against him, describing him as a radical Muslim.
“I am going through psychological torture due to the death threats. I don’t feel comfortable with the threat. I am scared as a human being but I am strong that it is only Allah who can decide my fate so I expect the worst which is death. I hope one day, one time I can live freely without those threats,” he adds, with a plea.
Responding to the threats
A bodyguard was assigned to protect the Sheikh’s life and keeps guard somewhere close to his office, in civilian attire. The Muslim scholar says he is uncomfortable with the threats and is being guarded.
On January 3, last year, there were attacks on the home of Sheikh Haruna Jjemba in Wattuba, Kawempe Division. Before the attacks, he had been appointed Amiir Ummah/leader of Jamiat Dawa Salafiyyah, an organisation that had just expelled Sheikh Muhammad Yunus Kamoga, the head of the Tabliq Muslim sect, who is currently remanded to Luzira Maximum Security Prison.
“After his dismissal or removal, I received phone calls from anonymous people who told me that my neck was ripe for slaughtering because I had accepted to be the leader or Amir of the organisation. Those who claimed that my neck was ripe for harvesting claimed that there could not be two leaders of the same organisation at the same time,” Sheikh Jjemba recounts. Shortly, after the incident, there were leaflets that were printed and dropped off at Masjid Noor, a mosque on William Street in Kampala.
On the leaflets were photos of six Muslim leaders who are accused of orchestrating the arrest of Sheikh Kamoga and 11 others who were charged on five counts of murder, including the killing of Muslim clerics Mustafah Bahiga and Abdul Kadir Muwaya and attempting to kill Sheikh Jjemba.
During a courtesy visit to SheikhKamoga in prison in February last year, Mufti Shaban Mubajje called on (Kamoga) to be patient as justice takes its course, and also called on the courts of law to expedite his trial.
Leaders who appear on the leaflets include Prince Kassim Nakibinge, Sheikh Hassan Kirya (RIP), Sheikh Najib Ssonko, Sheikh Muhamood Kibaate, Sheikh Sudiq Ndawula and Sheikh Jjemba.
The Muslim leaders are also accused of creating divisions among Muslims, being double-agents and mismanagement of Muslim properties. The accusation levelled against Sheikh Jjemba is takeover of a school in Wattuba which they claim he has since turned into his.
The Sheikh calls these baseless claims, saying the said school is his personal property. However, he says he is constantly living in fear since his home was attacked.
Sheikh Najib Ssonko
Like Sheikh Jjjemba, Sheikh Najib Ssonko also lives under a cloud of fear. I meet him at his office in downtown Kampala. He runs a furniture shop which also deals in other home appliances.
He sits behind a desk covered with his merchandise so when you enter the shop, you will not easily or immediately see him. There is a window to his right that is covered by a large television. From the outside, customers can fully see it.
There is a young man seated adjacent to the door. Between intervals of chewing pancake and sipping tea, he directs me to where his employer is. The shop is fairly spacious, and in one corner, three youthful men are having a chat on one of sofa sets on sale.
One of them is a well-built man who appears to be Sheikh Ssonko’s bodyguard. He rarely contributes to the conversation but smiles and occasionally scans the place. When I get to Ssonko’s desk, he springs from his seat and extends a firm handshake.
Through his heavy grey and dark beard, he says hello, and reaches for his seat. As he takes his seat, the shine on his clean-shaven head becomes more visible. His glassy table has a number of cluttered business cards underneath that look almost decorative.
Within a minute of exchanging plesantries, his smartphone is buzzing and he excuses himself to answer calls or reply to messages. When I mention the subject of his life and the death threats, his voice turns shaky.
“Everyone fears death my brother. I am very cautious. I carry packed food and drinks from home. I cannot trust the food vendors as they can be used by those who want to end my life to quicken their mission,” he says, running his hands through his beard.