Ugandans now live longer, produce fewer children – 2014 census report

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President Museveni appends his signature to the 2014 population and housing census report at Kampala Serena Hotel yesterday as Finance minister Matia Kasaija looks on.  


Posted  Friday, March 25  2016 at  02:53

In Summary

Highlights. The National Population and Housing Census 2014 final results show that Uganda’s population increased by 10.4 million persons between 2002 and 2014



The country’s population has increased by slightly more than 10 million people between 2002 and 2014.

According to the National Population and Housing Census 2014 final results released by the Uganda Bureau of Statistics (Ubos) yesterday, the country’s total population is 34.6 million persons, slightly lower than the 34.9 million that was projected in the provisional results released in November 2014.

The change, according Ubos, is a result of tightening loose ends and getting rid of ghost entries following thorough verification.
The growth in population represents an increase of 10.4 million persons between 2002 and 2014 census.

This is the 10th census since Uganda came into existence. The first census was conducted in 1911 by the colonial administration and the total population then was registered as 2.5 million. Other censuses were subsequently conducted in 1921, 1931, 1948 and 1959 still by the colonial administration. The first census conducted by the independent government was in 1969, and subsequently in 1980, 1991, 2002 and 2014.

According to the report launched yesterday by President Museveni, the population of women compared to men has remained higher, with a difference of about a half a million. The male population is 17,060,832 while the female are 17,573,818, totalling to a population of 34, 634, 650.

The census enumerated 7.3 million households countrywide, with the majority of the households (75 per cent) residing in rural areas. Thirty per cent of the households are female-headed. In average, each household has about five people.

In terms of age distribution, the census found that youth of 18-30 years make up 22.5 per cent of the population, and those of 15 and 64 years make up 49 per cent. Only 2.7 per cent are aged above 65 years.

Dependency burden
Age-dependency ratio is an indicator of the economic burden that the productive population must bear. According to the report, populations with very high birth rates coupled with low death rates have a high age dependency ratio.

Overall, the age dependency ratio currently is 103. This implies that for every 100 economically active persons there are 103 dependents. The dependency ratio active age is 110 for males and 97 for females.

Marital status
The National Population and Housing Census 2014 final results also showed that about 22 per cent of the population above 18 years were never married while 65 per cent were married/ cohabiting.

Fertility refers to the reproductive performance of a woman in her reproductive life. One measure of fertility is the Total Fertility Rate (TFR), which is defined as the number of live births a woman would have if she survived to the end of her child-bearing age (15-49 years) and experienced the current observed age specific fertility rates.

The TFR affects the rate of growth of a given population. The TFR declined from 7.1 children per woman in 1991 to 5.8 children per woman in 2014.

Child mortality
Infant mortality rate (IMR) is the probability of dying in the period from birth to the first birthday while under-five mortality rate is the probability that a new-born child will die before reaching his or her fifth birthday.

The IMR was estimated at 53 deaths per 1,000 live births in 2014, showing an improvement from 87 deaths per 1,000 live births in 2002.

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