Why do I vomit during my period?

Monday June 17 2019


By Dr Vincent Karuhanga

When I get my period, I vomit or feel like vomiting. A test for ulcers shows negative results. What can I do? Obongomera

Dear Obongomera,
Nausea or feeling like vomiting is a natural way the body tries to stop ingestion of substances it deems dangerous to the body. On the downside, nausea and vomiting that accompany many disease conditions may interfere with nutrition and may be long-standing yet the best medicine for any sick person is eating a balanced diet.
Also, nausea and vomiting may interfere with taking drugs orally, requiring the use of other means such as injections that may carry more side effects.

When chemicals produced in the womb (prostaglandins) to aid shedding of the inner membrane in what we witness as menstruation leak in the blood system, they may lead to some of the effects that characterise periods such as nausea, diarrhoea, and headache.
Also, having Helicobacter Pyroli, a germ that causes peptic ulcer disease or being on hormonal contraception may cause more nausea and vomiting related to a period.
Premenstrual syndrome (PMS) has a wide variety of signs and symptoms, including mood swings, tender breasts, food cravings, fatigue, irritability, headache and depression. The symptoms come a week or two before a period and stop when it ends. Headache, which is part of PMS is usually a menstrual migraine whose symptoms include headache, nausea and vomiting.

The mind can play games by making a person feel like vomiting on certain occasions, especially on seeing drugs or monotonous foods.
However, if this happens at the time of menstruation may be due to hormones related to the period since a number of women have early pregnancy-like symptoms such as nausea and vomiting at this time.
People with nausea require investigating the cause of their problem so that it can be dealt with. But it may be useful at the time to take lots of warm fluids, avoid eating oily, fatty and spicy food and concentrate on eating small and frequent meals that make up a balanced diet.