What you need to know:
- In his inaugural speech at Parliament after capturing power in 1986 through guerrilla struggle, Mr Museveni condemned African leaders who overstay in power.
When President Museveni is sworn in on May 12, he will take the first step towards joining the club of longest serving African leaders who have led their countries for 40 years and are still in the bidding.
His re-election last Thursday will take Mr Museveni, who has ruled Uganda since January 1986, to 40 years in power by the next General Election in 2026.
The President, now aged 76, will be 81 by then. His party, the National Resistance Movement (NRM) also won majority of seats in the next Parliament.
Mr Museveni has benefited from two constitutional amendments that came up at a time he was becoming ineligible to seek re-election by removing the constitutional limitations to his candidature.
The first amendment was in 2005 when Parliament voted to amend the Constitution to remove presidential term limits.
Without the amendment, Mr Museveni would have been ineligible to contest in 2006 elections having served the two terms from 1996.
In December 2017, Parliament again amended the Constitution, removing Article 102b to lift the presidential age limit.
The upper cap was 75 years while the lower cap was 35 years.
Without the amendment, Mr Museveni, who turns 77 in September, would not have been eligible to contest in 2021 elections.
In his inaugural speech at Parliament after capturing power in 1986 through guerrilla struggle, Mr Museveni condemned African leaders who overstay in power.
The January 14 re-election takes Mr Museveni to the group of longest serving leaders on the continent who include former Libyan President Col Muamah Gaddafi and former Gabonese ruler Omar Bongo who had been in power for 42 years each by the time of their death in 2011 and 2009, respectively.
Also, former Zimbabwean president Robert Mugabe was in power for 37 years before he was toppled by the army in 2017 and died a few months later.
African leaders who have been in power longer than Mr Museveni are Equatorial Guinea’s Theadore Obiang Nguema, who has ruled the oil rich country for 41 years; Cameroon’s Paul Biya, who has led the West African nation for 37 years, and Mr Denis Sesau Ngueso of Republic of Congo, who has ruled for 36 years.
By this order, Mr Museveni becomes the fourth longest serving president in Africa. Chad’s Idrissa Deby, who has been in power for 29 years, and Eritrea’s Issaias Afewerki, who has led the Horn of African country for 26 years, are some of the leaders who are following African presidents Nguema, Biya, Ngueso and Museveni on longest stay in power.