What you need to know:
- Uganda has one of the youngest populations in the world, with 78 percent under the age of 30, representing significant development potential. But if left untapped, experts have warned that it could turn into a major development challenge.
President Museveni has said his government under the National Resistance Movement (NRM) will continue to provide young people with education, skills, jobs and healthcare so that they can be gainfully employed, save and invest so that they become the engine of economic growth.
“This is the demographic dividend, i.e. the economic benefits we can have out of our growing youthful population. For some time now, I have been stressing this point, that our youthful population is our greatest asset,” Mr Museveni said.
According to Mr Museveni who has been in power for over three decades, his government will continue to give priority to issues of youth by empowering them so that they improve their welfare and contribute positively towards Uganda’s development.
Uganda has one of the youngest populations in the world, with 78 percent under the age of 30, representing significant development potential. But if left untapped, experts have warned that it could turn into a major development challenge.
Mr Museveni’s speech comes just days after his government unveiled another poverty eradication plan worth Shs165.7b ahead of the 2021 presidential elections.
The new scheme dubbed ‘Emyooga’ targets Ugandans in the informal sector clustered in 18 groups.
The money that is slated to be managed by Microfinance Support Centre under the coordination of the Ministry of Finance, will be shared among beneficiaries in all sub-regions, when they meet the requirements.
However, this not the first government scheme aimed at helping Ugandans whose biggest percentage of youth continue to whine in poverty due to unemployment.
Similar schemes include the National Agricultural Advisory Services (Naads) which was created in 2001 to improve livelihoods of people in rural areas by increasing agricultural productivity. It was, however, faulted for only targeting individuals instead of groups.
In February 2007, President Museveni launched the Prosperity For All programme dubbed ‘Bona Bagagawale’ and he said government would through it establish Savings and Credit Organisations in at least 1,000 sub-counties.
Later, Operation Wealth Creation was created with the objective to improve people’s household incomes.
In 2013, government through the Ministry of Gender, Labour and Social Development and the Youth Livelihood Funds which by mid last year generated about 100,000 jobs.
Reason for failure: Minister of State for Micro Finance, Mr Haruna Kasolo, says some schemes failed because leaders directed the funds for private initiatives.
Museveni’s message is contained in his World Population Day Speech below;
Fellow Countrymen and Countrywomen
Today, July 11, Uganda joins the rest of the world to commemorate the World Population Day for this year.
The theme for this year’s World Population Day, “Leveraging Uganda’s Population Dynamics for a Resilient Future amidst COVID-19” is very timely.
One of the practices we have used during this pandemic is the washing of hands with water and soap. This has helped us with Corona virus but it can also help us with other diseases if we continue with this good habit.
We in Uganda have also realized that food security is key for the population during a crisis like this pandemic but also in any other crisis, be it locusts, floods, etc.
Uganda has a predominantly young population with those aged 0 – 14 years being 47.9% and those below 30 years being 78%. As Ugandans are aware, young people tend to withstand COVID-19 better than the more elderly population. In this regard, Uganda’s population age structure being predominantly young is working in our favour in the fight against COVID-19 pandemic.
The NRM Government will continue to provide these young people with education, skills, jobs and health care so that they can be gainfully employed, save and invest so that they become the engine of economic growth. This is the demographic dividend, i.e. the economic benefits we can have out of our growing youthful population. For some time now, I have been stressing this point, that our youthful population is our greatest asset.
Regarding health of our population, we have noticed that in spite of epidemic, we continue to witness an increase in life style diseases. Lifestyle diseases or Non-Communicable Diseases (NCDs) include; diabetes, hypertension (high blood pressure), obesity and cancers.
This means that in Uganda, 891,000 people have high blood pressure, 534,000 people have heart disease and 229,000 people have diabetes. These diseases can be prevented if leaders give our people the right information and knowledge like on proper nutrition, physical exercise, avoiding stress, etc. I urge all leaders to strengthen Community Mobilization using local radio stations to educate the masses about these preventable conditions.
Ugandans will recall that when NRM came to power, we had many unfavorable indicators within the population. However, since then, we have turned things round and we have made a number of gains. For examples; Before 1986, there was low immunization, poor hygiene, high rates of malnutrition, infectious diseases, limited access to health services. All these led to high levels of sickness and death. We have since reversed all this and we are making progress in a number of areas:
1.Uganda’s population has increased from 14 million people in 1986 to 43 million currently.
The population is projected to reach 50 million people by 2025 and 102 million by 2050; 2.Ugandans are living longer. Life expectancy in Uganda has increased by 20 years in one generation, from 43 years in 1991 to 63.3 years in 2017;
3.As a result of increased immunization against killer diseases and other pro-people programs, our children are dying less. Infant mortality rate reduced from 122 per 1,000 in 1986 to 43 in 2016;
4.We have controlled HIV/AIDS. HIV/AIDS prevalence has reduced from 18.5% in 1986 to 6.4% in 2016;
5.As a result of increased and improved health services, maternal mortality ratio reduced from 506 per 100,000 live births in 1986 to 336 in 2016;
6.Malaria death reduced from 20 per 100,000 in 2016 to 9.38 per 100,000 in 2017 largely due to distribution of insecticide treated nets (ITNs) to all the families in Uganda;
7.Literacy rate (those who are able to read and write in their local language) has risen from 54% in 1991 to 75% currently;
8.The economy expanded more than ten (10) times from UGX9.5 trillion in FY1995/96 to UGX130 trillion in FY2019/20;
9.GDP per capita almost tripled from USD 264 in 1986 to USD 905 in FY2019/20;
10. Poverty has reduced from 56% in 1986 to 21.4% in 2017;
11. Percentage of population with access to electricity more than doubled from 11% in 2010 to 23% in 2016;
12. The total tarmac road network is 4,966 and when the roads under construction are
finished, the total will be 7,000kms;
13. The total installed power generation capacity is 1,254.2 MW. It will soon stand at 1,767 with the commissioning of Karuma, Agago and other plants from the 60MW of 1986.
However, the challenge we are now addressing is the 68% of households which are still stuck in the subsistence economy. We are handling this through Operation Wealth Creation (OWC), Micro Finance, putting money in Emyoga, value addition and agro-processing by supporting UDB and UDC.
This, coupled with our import substitution and export promotion strategy to stop the haemorrhage of the forex through the high import bill of USD 7.1 billion currently, will lead the population to a prosperous and better quality of life.
Lastly, I wish to inform you that the Government will continue to give priority to issues of our youth by empowering them so that they improve their welfare and contribute positively towards Uganda’s development.
I wish all Ugandans a happy World Population Day.